A key brain signaling protein, seen here in green, that is normally lost in Fragile X syndrome neurons is restored by an experimental drug. Image: Dilek Colak
A new study led by Weill Cornell Medical College scientists shows that the most common genetic form of mental retardation and autism occurs because of a mechanism that shuts off the gene associated with the disease. The findings, published today in Science, also show that a drug that blocks this silencing mechanism can prevent fragile X syndrome — suggesting similar therapy is possible for 20 other diseases that range from mental retardation to multisystem failure. [quote from the article]
Read more at the Weill Cornell Newsroom.
Researchers from the University of Toronto and Case Western Reserve University found that autistic brains generate more information while at rest than neurotypical brains. The scientists used brain scanning technology to measure the difference, and they postulate that it explains why autistics tend to be withdrawn. If the brain is busy processing information while ‘idling’, it may not be able to cope with additional external stimuli. This conclusion supports the “Intense World Theory” of autism. Read more at Medical Daily.